GENERAL ASSEMBLY RESOLUTION
NO. 3379 (XXX) OF 10 NOVEMBER 1975
The General Assembly,
Recalling its resolution 1904 (XVIII) of
20 November 1963, proclaiming the
United Nations Declaration on the Elimi-
nation of All Forms of Racial Discrimina-
tion, and in particular its affirmation that
"any doctrine of racial differentiation or
superiority is scientifically false, morally
condemnable (and) socially unjust and
dangerous" and its expression of alarm at
"the manifestations of racial discrimina-
tion still in evidence in some areas in the
world, some of which are imposed by
certain Governments by means of legis-
lative, administrative or other measures,"
Recalling also that, in its resolution
3151 (XXXVIII) of 14 December 1973,
the General Assembly condemned inter
alia the unholy alliance between South
African racism and Zionism,
Taking note of the Declaration of Mex-
ico on the Equality of Women and their
Contribution to Development and Peace
proclaimed by the World Conference of
the International Women's Year, held at
Mexico City from 19 June to 2 July 1975,
which promulgated the principle that
"international cooperation and peace re-
quire the achievement of national libera-
tion and independence, the elimination of
colonialism and neo-colonialism, foreign
occupation, Zionism, apartheid, and racial
discrimination in all its forms as well as
the recognition of the dignity of peoples
and their rights to self-determination."
Taking note also of resolution 77 (XII)
adopted by the Assembly of Heads of
State and Government of the Organiza-
tion of African Unity held in Kampala from
28 July to 1 August 1975 which consid-
ered "that the racist regime in occupied
Palestine and racist regimes in Zim-
babwe and South Africa have a common
imperialist origin, forming a whole and
having the same racist structure and be-
ing organically linked in their policy aimed
at repression of the dignity and integrity
of the human being,"
Taking note also of the Political Decla-
ration and Strategy to strengthen Interna-
tional Peace and Security and to intensify
Solidarity and Mutual Assistance among
Non-Aligned Countries, adopted at the
Conference of Ministers for Foreign Af-
fairs of Non-Aligned Countries held in
Lima, Peru, from 25 to 30 August 1975,
which most severely condemned Zionism
as a threat to world peace and security
and called upon all countries to oppose
this racist and imperialist ideology,
1. Determines that Zionism is a form
of racism and racial discrimination.
In 1965 the United Nations, supported by the United States and Israel, passed Resolu-
tion 2106 defining racial discrimination as "any distinction, exclusion, restriction, or prefer-
ence based on race, color, descent or national or ethnic origin."
Ten years later, on November 10, 1975, the United Nations applied this definition to
Zionism [Resolution 3379] and concluded that Zionism is "a form of racism and racial dis-
On December 10, 1989 U.S. Vice President Danforth Quayle told an audience at Ye-
shiva University in New York that he was launching a campaign to repeal Resolution 3379.
A repeal, however, means reexamining the reasons why, back in 1975, most of the
world regarded Zionism as a form of racism and racial discrimination. Some of those rea-
sons are noted in the list that follows, together with events subsequent to the U.N. Resolu-
tion that relate directly to the question of racism.
1895. Theodor Herzl, founder of the World Zionist Organization, notes in his diary
that the removal of Arabs bodily from Palestine is part of the Zionist plan to "spirit
the penniless population across the frontier by denying it employment ... Both the
process of expropriation and the removal of the poor must be carried out dis-
creetly and circumspectly." Herzl's Complete Diaries, June 12, 1895 entry.
1919. Dr. Chaim Weizmann [first president of Israel] is reported by British Foreign
Minister Lord Curzon to want "a Jewish State, a Jewish nation, a subordinate
population of Arabs etc. ruled by Jews; the Jews in possession of the fat of the
land, and directing the administration." D. Ingrams, Palestine Papers,
1917 - 1922 , p. 58.
1940 . Joseph Weitz, director of the Jewish National Fund, the Zionist agency
charged with acquiring Palestinian land, insists, "The only solution is Eretz Israel
[Greater Israel], or at least Western Eretz Israel [all land west of the Jordan
River], without Arabs. There is no room for compromise on this point... We must
not leave a single village, not a single tribe." Machover, Israca, January 5, 1973,
1946 . David Ben Gurion [Israel's first Prime Minister] tells an Anglo-American
Committee of Inquiry, "When we say 'Jewish independence’ or a 'Jewish State’,
we mean Jewish country, Jewish soil, we mean Jewish labor, we mean Jewish
economy, Jewish agriculture, Jewish industry, Jewish sea." The Jewish Case:
Before the Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry for Palestine as Presented
by the Jewish Agency for Palestine, p. 66.
May 14,1948. Ben Gurion declares establishment of the State of Israel. In the
fighting that follows 725,000 Palestinian refugees lose their homes, with 394 out
of 475 Palestinian villages eradicated, leading Israeli Defense Minister Moshe
Dayan later to declare, "There is not a single Jewish village in this country that
has not been built on the site of an Arab village." Ha'aretz, April 4, 1967. [A list
of all 394 towns and villages is available upon request from A.M.E.U.]
December 4, 1948. Albert Einstein, Hannah Arendt and other prominent Jewish
Americans, writing in The New York Times, protest the visit to America of Men-
achem Begin: "Among the most disturbing political phenomena of our time is the
emergence in the newly created state of Israel of the Freedom Party (Herut), a
political party closely akin in its organization, methods, political philosophy, and
social appeal to the Nazi and Fascist parties." [Begin later becomes Prime Minis-
ter, and Herut member, Yitzhak Shamir, is Israel's current Prime Minister.]
1950. Israel enacts Law of Return, granting all Jews anywhere in the world, and
only Jews, the right to immigrate to Israel, on the grounds that they are returning
to their own state. Subsequent Israeli governments must swear to uphold this Ba-
1950. Israel enacts the Development Authority Law, granting the Jewish National
Fund authority over 92% of the land. By means of a "Land Covenant", all this
property, most of it expropriated from Palestinians, now becomes the "inalienable
property" of the Jewish people worldwide, meaning non-Jews can never buy any
of it, never rent any of it, nor even be employed on any of it.
1952. Israel enacts the Citizenship/Jewish Nationality Law, granting every Jew in
the world, and only Jews, the status both of Israeli citizenship and Jewish nation-
ality as soon as they step foot on Israeli soil. This distinction between citizenship
and nationality, unique to the Zionist state, becomes the legal basis for state
sanctioned discrimination, whereby only Jewish nationals are eligible for many of
the privileges and services provided by the state or by its semi-governmental Zi-
1952. Israel enacts the World Zionist Organization/Jewish Agency (Status) Law,
empowering the Organization/Agency with "the development and settlement of
the country, the absorption of (Jewish) immigrants from the Diaspora and the co-
ordination of the activities in Israel of Jewish institutions and organizations active
in those fields." This makes hundreds of thousands of Israeli citizens of non-
Jewish nationality, most of whom are native Palestinians, ineligible by law for
"nationality" benefits, meaning they cannot work on "national" land, and cannot
participate in "national" housing, educational, or agricultural benefits.
1958. Jewish philosopher Martin Buber tells a New York audience, "When we
[followers of prophetic Judaism] returned to Palestine ... the majority of Jewish
people preferred to learn from Hitler rather than from us." Jewish Newsletter,
June 2, 1958.
June 1967. Israel invades and occupies West Bank, Sinai, and Golan Heights.
By December 245,000 Palestinians flee the West Bank, 11,000 more flee Gaza,
and 1 16,000 Syrians flee the Golan Heights.
1967. Israel places newly occupied territories under military rule, making native
Palestinians, but not Jews who begin settling there, subject to arbitrary arrest and
imprisonment, deportation and collective punishment. Commenting on the mili-
tary's Emergency Regulations, Dr. Israel Shahak, Chairperson of the Israeli
League for Human and Civil Rights, and a survivor of the Bergen-Belsen concen-
tration camp, observes: "Hitler's legal power was based upon the 'Enabling Act’,
which was passed quite legally by the Reichstag and which allowed the Fuehrer
and his representatives, in plain language, to do what they wanted, or in legal
language, to issue regulations having the force of law. Exactly the same type of
act was passed by the Knesset [Israel’s Parliament] immediately after the 1967
conquest granting the Israeli governor and his representatives the powers of Hit-
ler, which they use in a Hitlerian manner." Palestine, vol. 12, December 1983.
August 1967. Israel enacts the Agricultural Settlement Law banning Israeli citi-
zens of non-Jewish nationality from working on Jewish National Fund lands, thus
denying employment to thousands of Palestinians who in the 50's and early 60's
had returned to work on their expropriated lands as agricultural hands, lessees or
1970. Israel amends its Law of Return by defining 'Jew' to mean a person born of
a Jewish mother or one who converts to Judaism and is not a member of another
religion. Law effectively equates 'religion' and 'Jewish nationality’, clearly bringing
it within the definition of racism set forth in U.N. Resolution 21 06.
1970. Israel amends the Discharged Soldiers Act of 1949 so that the relatively
small number of Jewish nationals who are exempt from military service can re-
ceive all the benefits tied to military service, such as school, housing, welfare and
job entitlements, benefits denied the 98% of Israeli citizens of non-Jewish nation-
ality, most of whom are native Palestinians.
November 10, 1975. 72 countries, representing 52% of the earth's population,
condemn Zionism as "a form of racism and racial discrimination." [35 countries
vote against the Resolution and 32 abstain.]
June 19, 1977. A London Sunday Times investigation reports the widespread,
officially condoned systematic use of torture in the occupied territories, including
instances of sexual sadism.
1978-79. Three U.S. State Department cables filed by the American Consulate in
Jerusalem cite evidence that Israel's torture of Palestinian prisoners is a system-
March 1985. Denis Goldberg, a Jewish South African sentenced to life imprison-
ment for "conspiring to overthrow the apartheid regime," is released through the
intercession of Israeli officials. On arrival in Israel Goldberg says he sees "many
similarities in the oppression of blacks in South Africa and of Palestinians," and
he calls for a total economic boycott of South Africa, singling out Israel as a major
ally of the apartheid regime. Pledging never to stay in Israel, Goldberg moves to
September 1985. U.S. Congressman George Crockett, after visiting the Israeli
West Bank, compares living conditions there with those of South African blacks
and concludes that the West Bank is an instance of apartheid that no one in the
U.S. is talking about. Press Release, September 13, 1985.
April 1988. Poll finds that 65% of Americans, in-cluding 41% of American Jews,
believe that "there is an element of racism involved in the attitude of Israelis to-
wards Arabs." Los Angeles Times, April 11, 1988.
November 1989. Israeli Deputy Foreign Minister Benjamin Netanyahu tells stu-
dents at Bar-llan University that "Israel should have exploited the repression of
the demonstrations in China, when world attention focused on that country, to
carry out mass expulsions among the Arabs of the territories." From the Israeli
Journal Hotam, November 24, 1989.
December 25, 1989. Nobel laureate Archbishop Desmond Tutu observes during
Christmas visit to Jerusalem: "I am a black South African, and if I were to change
the names, a description of what is happening in the Gaza Strip and the West
Bank could describe events in South Africa." From Israeli daily Ha'aretz, cited in
Palestine Perspectives, January/February 1990.
December 25, 1989. Israel's High Court of Justice rules that a Jew who converts
to the Jews for Jesus sect is no longer a Jew, hence no longer eligible for Jewish
nationality/citizenship benefits. Ruling confirms Israel's legal discrimination based
on the equation of one's nationality with one's religion.
January 5, 1990. An Israeli High Court Judge declares that, "The essence of a
Jewish state is to give preeminence to Jews as Jews. Anyone who asks, in the
name of democracy, for equality to all its citizens--Jews and Arabs--must be re-
jected as one who negates the existence of the Israeli state as the state of the
Jewish people." From Israeli daily Ha'aretz, cited in News From Within, April 3,
February 1990. The U.S. State Department for the first time in its annual Country
Reports on Human Rights Practices lists a special category on Israel's
"Discrimination Based on Race, Sex, Religion, Language, or Social Status." Over
15 areas of discrimination by Jews against non-Jews are listed. See 1989 Coun-
try Reports on Human Rights Practices.
April 25, 1990. Israel's Minister of Housing, David Levy, admits that his Ministry
secretly provided $1.8 million for Jewish settlers to move into the Christian Quar-
ter of Jerusalem. Jonathan Blass, spokesperson for the settlers, says that Jews
should be able to move into the Christian Quarter, but non-Jews should be barred
from the Jewish Quarter. The U.S. State Department calls the settlers' move "an
insensitive and provocative action" and Israel's financing of it "deeply disturbing."
The New York Times, April 25, 1990.
September 1990. Poll conducted in Israel by Guttman Institute show that 60% of
young Jews prefer a greater land of Israel to human rights, 61% oppose giving
Arabs in the territories equal rights, and 67% support encouraging Palestinians to
emigrate. Factors listed by respondents as injurious to Zionism were: returning
land for peace, mixed residence of Jews and Arabs, and social contacts between
Jews and Arabs. 89% of respondents called themselves Zionists. American Is-
raeli Civil Liberties Coalition, Spring 1991.
November 1990. Speaking at a Tel Aviv memorial service for former Likud lead-
ers, Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir declares: "The past leaders of our movement
left us a clear message to keep Eretz Israel from the Sea to the [river] Jordan for
future generations, for the mass aliya [immigration], and for the Jewish people, all
or most of whom will be gathered into this country." Jerusalem Domestic Radio
Service, November 18 & 19,1990, as cited in Report on Israeli Settlement,
December 1990. Israeli newspaper reports: "Nearly 2,500 acres of land in the
[West Bank] villages of Husan, Wadi Fukin, and Nahallin have been appropriated
or are in the process of being appropriated for the Betar settlement and its access
roads ... The villages' legal representatives said that all the [Palestinian] resi-
dents' appeals against appropriation are rejected with the argument that it is done
for the villages' benefit. Davar, December 3, 1990.
February 5, 1991. Congressman David R. Obey, Chairman of the House Foreign
Operations Sub-committee, declares that when the Gulf war is over, Americans
"have a right to demand of Israel one very big thing--a recognition of the right and
necessity of the Palestinian people to have their own homeland on a major por-
tion of the land that constitutes the West Bank and Gaza... Recent talk that the
West Bank and Gaza can now belong to the Israelis for 50 years is dangerous
nonsense and cannot be tolerated by any American government determined to
see to it that the blood of its citizens will never again be shed on Middle Eastern
battlefields." Report on Israeli Settlement, March 1991.
Over the past 42 years Israel's racial discrimination against non-Jews has penetrated
the most everyday aspects of social interaction. These include:
‘Israeli citizens are required to carry ID cards on them at all times which specify
whether they are Jewish or non-Jewish.
‘Israeli police are required to display identification numbers which are coded to
show if they are Jewish or non-Jewish.
‘Police can tell from a driver's license if the bearer is Jewish or non-Jewish: Jews
renews on the 15th of the month, non-Jews on the 1st. N. Dacey, "Democracy"
in Israel, p. 47.
‘Non-Jews cannot buy apartments owned by the Jewish National Fund. When a
Palestinian tried to buy one in East Jerusalem, the Chief Rabbi, Mordecai Eliayahu,
pronounced: "It is forbidden to sell apartments in the Land of Israel to Gentiles,"
Ha'aretz 17 January 1986.
‘Jews in Israel are forbidden by a religious law, approved by the State, from mar-
rying non-Jews. Tekiner, Anti-Zionism: Analytical Reflections, p. 74.
‘All Jewish elementary schools, secular and religious, have changed the plus
sign in math books to an inverted T', because the plus sign looked too much like
the Christian cross. Israel Shahak, Al Fajr, October 11-17, 1981.
‘For a Jew to hire a non-Jew to work on Jewish owned land is illegal and punish-
able by fines.
‘Approximately 50% of the non-Jewish sectors in Israel have no legal existence,
which means they are not entitled to a sewage system, electricity, nor connection
with the national water carrier, and any building done in these communities is
considered illegal and subject to demolition. The Other Front, 4 April 1990.
‘Non-Jews in Israel, far more than Jews, have their telephones tapped and their
mail "stopped, opened and even destroyed." U.S. State Department's 1989
Country Reports on Human Rights.
‘Israel's non-Jewish press is censored more strictly than its Hebrew language
press. U.S. State Department's 1989 Country Reports on Human Rights.
‘In occupied Palestine, exclusive of East Jerusalem, automobile license plates
issued to non-Jews are different from those issued to Jews; also non-Jewish op-
erated taxis are clearly distinguished from Jewish operated taxis. N. Dacey,
"Democracy" in Israel, p. 47.
‘Israeli rabbi Yitzhak Ginsburg declares that Jewish blood and a goy's blood are
not the same," inferring that killing isn't murder if the victim is Gentile. Jerusalem
Post, June 19, 1989.
‘Israeli Housing Ministry, headed by Ariel Sharon, spends 20% of its money on
projects in the occupied territories, most of it on the 2% of Israeli settlers who also
receive special Government-backed mortgages. New York Times, April 24,
‘Housing Minister Ariel Sharon says he intends to continue building settlements
despite pleas by Secretary of State James A. Baker 3rd to halt further expansion.
New York Times, July 26, 1991.
Israel's discrimination against non-Jews touches all Americans in that Zionism distin-
guishes among Americans themselves, saying to some, who happen to be Jewish, that it
will give them automatic citizenship, along with a host of social benefits, while to all other
Americans these rights and benefits are denied precisely because they are non-Jews.
Ultimately, as Jewish philosopher Martin Buber warned in 1961, Israel's racism is suici-
Only an internal revolution can have the power to heal our people of their murder-
ous sickness of causeless hatred. It is bound to bring complete ruin upon us.
Only then will the old and young in our land realize how great was our responsi-
bility to those miserable Arab refugees in whose towns we have settled Jews who
were brought from afar; whose homes we have inherited, whose fields we now
sow and harvest; the fruit of whose gardens, orchards and vineyards we gather;
and in whose cities that we robbed, we put up houses of education, charity, and
prayer while we babble and rave about being the “people of the book” and the
“light of the nations!” Thud's Ner, January-February 1961 .
Opponents of racism, who nonetheless call themselves Zionists, can help clarify the
U.N. Resolution on Zionism and Racism by stating their own position on the above cita-
For further information on the above items, see:
Abu-Lughod, I., ed., Transformation of Palestine, Northwest Univ. Press, 2nd ed.,1987,
335 pp. Includes Eskine Childer's classic research on Palestinian refugees of 1947-48. .
International Organization for Elimination of Racial Discrimination, AJAZ, ed., Judaism
or Zionism: What Difference for the Middle East? 1986, Zed Books, 285 pp. Twenty-two
specialists in theology, politics, law and history examine impact of Zionism on Jews, non-
Jews and Middle East politics.
Flapan, S., The Birth of Israel, Pantheon Books, 1987, 277 pp. Noted Jewish scholar
reconstructs actual events behind official myths of Israel's founding.
Lilienthal, A., The Zionist Connection II, North American Press, 1982, 904 pp. Well
documented history of Zionism from Herzl to Israel's 1982 invasion of Lebanon.
Quigley, J., Palestine and Israel: Challenge to Justice, Duke University Press, 1990,
337 pp. Author is law professor at Ohio State University.
McDowall, D., Palestine & Israel: The Uprising and Beyond, University of California
Press, 1989, 322 pp. Measured assessment both of Jewish-Palestinian conflict and of
prospects for its settlement.
Shahak, I. (Chairman), Israeli League for Human and Civil Rights 1988-89 Report: Hu-
man Rights Violations During the Palestinian Uprising, Tel Aviv, 1989, 87 pp. Contains
eyewitness accounts from the Hebrew press of human rights abuses in occupied Pales-
Tekiner, et al, eds., Anti-Zionism: Analytical Reflections, Amana Books, 1988, 358 pp.
Includes essays on Christian Zionism in USA and Who Is A Jew? controversy in Israel.
Wright, C. Facts and Fables: The Arab-lsraeli Conflict, Kegan Paul International, 1989,
239 pp. Handy reference for most often debated questions on Palestinian-lsraeli conflict.
Americans for Middle East Understanding
475 Riverside Drive, Room 245 New York, N.Y. 10115-0245